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Pediatric Antibiotic Use for Upper Respiratory Infections

What are we tracking and why?

Most upper respiratory infections are caused by viruses. Antibiotics are not a useful treatment for viral infections. The inappropriate use of antibiotics for viral infections can lead to increased resistance to antibiotics, making it harder for patients to fight bacteria in the future.

Antibiotics may also lead to negative side effects such as allergic reactions, diarrhea, and yeast infections. We do not want any patient to suffer these effects, especially when there is no benefit to the overall treatment of the patient’s condition.

We track the percentage of children ages 3 months to 18 years who were diagnosed with an upper respiratory infection and appropriately treated without antibiotics.

How are we doing?

What are we doing to improve?

We are dedicated to always improving the quality of our health care through regular review of our performance. We provide hospital-wide training and continuing education for our pediatric providers. We also use standardized procedures to promote a uniform approach to caring for upper respiratory infections for our pediatric patients.

What can you do?

Know that antibiotics are not useful in the treatment of viral infections. Be an advocate for your child. Ask questions when you are unclear about your child's diagnosis and treatment recommendations. Always make sure you understand the purpose for any prescriptions, including antibiotics. If you have general questions about your child’s care, please contact the Primary Care team , or contact the TRICARE Nurse Advice Line at 1-800-TRICARE (874-2273), option 1, if calling after hours.
Don't forget to keep your family's information up-to-date in DEERS.